Czech | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

прил. (приложения)
- (příloha)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
прибл. (приблизительно)
přibl. (přibližně)
Used when quantity is unknown
библ. (библиография)
lit. (literatura)
List of sources used
ca. (circa -ровно)
cca (cirka)
Used when estimating a quantity
гл. (глава)
kap. (kapitola)
A defined section of the work
кол. (колонка)
- (sloupec)
The vertical part of a table
дисс. (дисертация)
dis. (disertace, disertační práce)
A complete work on a specific subject
ред. (редактор ...)
edit. (editována kým)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
н/р (на пример)
např. (například)
Used when giving an example
особенно (особенно)
zejm. (zejména)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
и т.д. (и так далее)
atd. (a tak dále)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
рис. (рисунок)
obr. (obrázek)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
т.е. (то есть)
tj. (to jest)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
вкл. (включая)
vč. (včetně)
Used when adding something to a list
N.B. (nota bene)
Pozn. (poznámka)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
стр. (страница)
str. (strana)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
стр-ы. (страницы)
str. (strany)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
прол. (пролог)
- (předmluva)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
изд. (издательство)
publ. (publikováno kým)
Used to name the person who has published the work
ред. (просмотрено...)
rev. (revidováno kým)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
обр. (в обработке...)
dot. (dotisk)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
trans. (перевод ...)
přel. (přeloženo kým)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volume - ценность)
obj. (objem)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work