German | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

прил. (приложения)
Ah. (Anhang)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
прибл. (приблизительно)
ugf. (ungefähr)
Used when quantity is unknown
библ. (библиография)
Lit.-Verz. (Literaturverzeichnis)
List of sources used
ca. (circa -ровно)
ca. (circa)
Used when estimating a quantity
гл. (глава)
K. (Kapitel)
A defined section of the work
кол. (колонка)
Spalte
The vertical part of a table
дисс. (дисертация)
Diss. (Dissertation)
A complete work on a specific subject
ред. (редактор ...)
bearb. (bearbeitet von)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
н/р (на пример)
z.B. (zum Beispiel)
Used when giving an example
особенно (особенно)
bes. (besonders)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
и т.д. (и так далее)
usw. (und so weiter)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
рис. (рисунок)
Abb. (Abbildung)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
т.е. (то есть)
d.h. (das heißt)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
вкл. (включая)
inkl. (inklusive)
Used when adding something to a list
N.B. (nota bene)
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
стр. (страница)
S. (Seite)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
стр-ы. (страницы)
S. (Seiten)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
прол. (пролог)
Vorw. (Vorwort)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
изд. (издательство)
hg. (herausgegeben von)
Used to name the person who has published the work
ред. (просмотрено...)
geä. (geändert)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
обр. (в обработке...)
Nachdr. (Nachdruck)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
trans. (перевод ...)
übersetzt von
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volume - ценность)
Jg. (Jahrgang)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work