Polish | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

ap. (apéndice)
aneks
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
aprox. (aproximadamente)
ok. (około)
Used when quantity is unknown
bibl. (bibliografía)
bibliografia
List of sources used
circ. (circa)
circa
Used when estimating a quantity
cap. (capítulo)
rozdz. (rozdział)
A defined section of the work
col. (columna)
kolumna
The vertical part of a table
disertación
dysertacja
A complete work on a specific subject
editado por
pod red. (pod redakcją)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
p. ej. (por ejemplo)
np. (na przykład)
Used when giving an example
especialmente
szczególnie
Used when trying to define something more clearly
etc. (etcétera)
itd. (i tak dalej) . itp. (i tym podobne)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig. (figura)
rys. (rysunek)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
es decir,...
tj. (to jest)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
incl.
wliczając
Used when adding something to a list
N.B. (nota bene)
nb. (notabene/nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
p. (página)
str. (strona)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
pp. (páginas)
str. (strony)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
Prefacio
wstęp/przedmowa
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
publicado por
wyd. (wydawnictwo)
Used to name the person who has published the work
revisado por
korekta
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
reedición / nueva edición / reimpresión
przedruk
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
traducido por
tłum. (tłumaczenie)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
t.
t. (tom)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work