Vietnamese | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

ap. (apéndice)
Phụ lục
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
aprox. (aproximadamente)
Xấp xỉ
Used when quantity is unknown
bibl. (bibliografía)
Thư mục
List of sources used
circ. (circa)
vào khoảng
Used when estimating a quantity
cap. (capítulo)
A defined section of the work
col. (columna)
The vertical part of a table
Luận án
A complete work on a specific subject
editado por
Biên tập (bởi)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
p. ej. (por ejemplo)
Used when giving an example
Đặc biệt (là)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
etc. (etcétera)
v.v... (vân vân)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig. (figura)
Biểu đồ
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
es decir,...
Tức là/Nghĩa là
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
Bao gồm
Used when adding something to a list
N.B. (nota bene)
Ghi chú
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
p. (página)
tr. (trang)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
pp. (páginas)
tr. (trang)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
Lời tựa/Lời nói đầu
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
publicado por
Tác giả
Used to name the person who has published the work
revisado por
Hiệu chỉnh (bởi)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
reedición / nueva edición / reimpresión
Tái bản
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
traducido por
Người dịch
Used when the work has been translated into another language
Indicates a specific volume or section of work