Arabic | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

Appendix
ملحق
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
ung. (ungefär)
تقريبا
Used when quantity is unknown
Litt.förteckn. (Litteraturförteckning)
الببليوغرافيا
List of sources used
ca. (cirka)
حوالي
Used when estimating a quantity
kap. (kapitel)
فصل
A defined section of the work
Kolumn
عمود
The vertical part of a table
Doktorsavhandling
أطروحة
A complete work on a specific subject
red. (redigerad av)
التحرير
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
t.ex. (till exempel)
مثلا
Used when giving an example
särskilt
خاصّةً
Used when trying to define something more clearly
etc. (et cetera)
إلخ. (إلى آخره)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
figur
شكل
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
d.v.s. (det vill säga)
يعني
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
inkl. (inklusive)
بما في ذلك
Used when adding something to a list
obs (observera)
تنبيه
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
s. (sida)
ًص. (صفحة)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
s. (sidor)
صفحات
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
förord
مقدمة
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
publicerad av
الناشر
Used to name the person who has published the work
rev. (reviderad av)
راجعه
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
omtryck/nytryck
إعادة الطباعة
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
övers. (översättning)
ترجمة
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volym)
مجلد
Indicates a specific volume or section of work