Finnish | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

Appendix
Liitteet
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
ung. (ungefär)
n. (noin)
Used when quantity is unknown
Litt.förteckn. (Litteraturförteckning)
Bibliografia
List of sources used
ca. (cirka)
n. (noin)
Used when estimating a quantity
kap. (kapitel)
kpl (kappale)
A defined section of the work
Kolumn
Pylväs
The vertical part of a table
Doktorsavhandling
Väitöskirja
A complete work on a specific subject
red. (redigerad av)
toim. (toimittanut)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
t.ex. (till exempel)
esim. (esimerkiksi)
Used when giving an example
särskilt
erityisesti
Used when trying to define something more clearly
etc. (et cetera)
jne. (ja niin edelleen)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
figur
kaavio
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
d.v.s. (det vill säga)
eli
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
inkl. (inklusive)
mukaanlukien
Used when adding something to a list
obs (observera)
huom. (huomautus)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
s. (sida)
s. (sivu)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
s. (sidor)
sivut
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
förord
esipuhe
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
publicerad av
julk. (julkaissut)
Used to name the person who has published the work
rev. (reviderad av)
muok. (muokannut)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
omtryck/nytryck
lisäpainos
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
övers. (översättning)
kääntänyt
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volym)
vol. (volyymi)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work