Spanish | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

ap. (apéndice)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
ung. (ungefär)
aprox. (aproximadamente)
Used when quantity is unknown
Litt.förteckn. (Litteraturförteckning)
bibl. (bibliografía)
List of sources used
ca. (cirka)
circ. (circa)
Used when estimating a quantity
kap. (kapitel)
cap. (capítulo)
A defined section of the work
col. (columna)
The vertical part of a table
A complete work on a specific subject
red. (redigerad av)
editado por
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
t.ex. (till exempel)
p. ej. (por ejemplo)
Used when giving an example
Used when trying to define something more clearly
etc. (et cetera)
etc. (etcétera)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig. (figura)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
d.v.s. (det vill säga)
es decir,...
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
inkl. (inklusive)
Used when adding something to a list
obs (observera)
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
s. (sida)
p. (página)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
s. (sidor)
pp. (páginas)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
publicerad av
publicado por
Used to name the person who has published the work
rev. (reviderad av)
revisado por
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
reedición / nueva edición / reimpresión
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
övers. (översättning)
traducido por
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volym)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work