Portuguese | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

(ภาคผนวก)
ap. (apêndice)
apênd. (apêndice)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
ประมาณ
aprox. (aproximadamente)
Used when quantity is unknown
บรรณานุกรม
bibliogr. (bibliografia)
List of sources used
ประมาณ
cerca
Used when estimating a quantity
บท
cap. (capítulo)
A defined section of the work
คอลัมน์
col. (coluna)
The vertical part of a table
ปริญญานิพนธ์
dissertação
A complete work on a specific subject
แก้ไขโดย
ed. (edição)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
ตัวอย่างเช่น
p.ex. (por exemplo)
Used when giving an example
โดยเฉพาะ
especialmente
Used when trying to define something more clearly
และอื่นๆอีกมากมาย
etc. (et cetera)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
ตัวเลข
fig. (figura)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
กล่าวคือ
i.e. (id est)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
ประกอบไปด้วย
incluindo
Used when adding something to a list
หมายเหตุ
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
หน้า
p. (página)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
หน้า
pp. (páginas)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
คำนำ
prefácio
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
ตีพิมพ์โดย
E. (editor)
EE. (editores)
Used to name the person who has published the work
ทบทวนโดย
revisado por
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
พิมพ์ใหม่อีกครั้ง
reimpresso
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
แปลโดย
Trad. (tradução)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
ระดับ
vol. (volume)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work