Chinese | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

ek
app.(附录)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
tahmini/ yaklaşık
approx.(大约)
Used when quantity is unknown
Bibliyografi/ Kaynakça
bibliog.(引用来源)
List of sources used
aşağı yukarı/ takribi
ca.(大约)
Used when estimating a quantity
Bölüm/ ünite
ch.(章)
A defined section of the work
kol. (kolon)/ sütun
col.(柱)
The vertical part of a table
tez/ deneme/ komp.(kompozisyon)
diss.(论文)
A complete work on a specific subject
tarafından düzeltildi
ed.(编辑)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
ör./örn. (örneğin)
e.g.(例如)
Used when giving an example
özellikle
esp.(尤其是)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
vb./ vs. (ve böyle/ vesaire)
etc.(等等)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig. (figür)
fig.(图表)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
yani
i.e.(既)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
kapsar/ dahil
incl.(包括)
Used when adding something to a list
d.e. (dikkat edilecek)
N.B.(注意)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
s. (sayfa)
p.(页)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
sayfalar
pp.(页)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
önsöz/ giriş
pref.(前言)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
yay. (yayımlandı)
pub.(由...出版)
Used to name the person who has published the work
düz. (düzeltildi/ düzeltme)
rev.(由...修改)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
kop. (kopyalandı/ tekrar basım)
rpt.(转载)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
çev./ terc. (çevrildi/tercüme)
trans.(由...翻译)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
böl. (bölüm)
vol.(卷)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work