Russian | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

прил. (приложения)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
tahmini/ yaklaşık
прибл. (приблизительно)
Used when quantity is unknown
Bibliyografi/ Kaynakça
библ. (библиография)
List of sources used
aşağı yukarı/ takribi
ca. (circa -ровно)
Used when estimating a quantity
Bölüm/ ünite
гл. (глава)
A defined section of the work
kol. (kolon)/ sütun
кол. (колонка)
The vertical part of a table
tez/ deneme/ komp.(kompozisyon)
дисс. (дисертация)
A complete work on a specific subject
tarafından düzeltildi
ред. (редактор ...)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
ör./örn. (örneğin)
н/р (на пример)
Used when giving an example
особенно (особенно)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
vb./ vs. (ve böyle/ vesaire)
и т.д. (и так далее)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig. (figür)
рис. (рисунок)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
т.е. (то есть)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
kapsar/ dahil
вкл. (включая)
Used when adding something to a list
d.e. (dikkat edilecek)
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
s. (sayfa)
стр. (страница)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
стр-ы. (страницы)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
önsöz/ giriş
прол. (пролог)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
yay. (yayımlandı)
изд. (издательство)
Used to name the person who has published the work
düz. (düzeltildi/ düzeltme)
ред. (просмотрено...)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
kop. (kopyalandı/ tekrar basım)
обр. (в обработке...)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
çev./ terc. (çevrildi/tercüme)
trans. (перевод ...)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
böl. (bölüm)
vol. (volume - ценность)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work