Spanish | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

ap. (apéndice)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
tahmini/ yaklaşık
aprox. (aproximadamente)
Used when quantity is unknown
Bibliyografi/ Kaynakça
bibl. (bibliografía)
List of sources used
aşağı yukarı/ takribi
circ. (circa)
Used when estimating a quantity
Bölüm/ ünite
cap. (capítulo)
A defined section of the work
kol. (kolon)/ sütun
col. (columna)
The vertical part of a table
tez/ deneme/ komp.(kompozisyon)
A complete work on a specific subject
tarafından düzeltildi
editado por
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
ör./örn. (örneğin)
p. ej. (por ejemplo)
Used when giving an example
Used when trying to define something more clearly
vb./ vs. (ve böyle/ vesaire)
etc. (etcétera)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig. (figür)
fig. (figura)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
es decir,...
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
kapsar/ dahil
Used when adding something to a list
d.e. (dikkat edilecek)
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
s. (sayfa)
p. (página)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
pp. (páginas)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
önsöz/ giriş
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
yay. (yayımlandı)
publicado por
Used to name the person who has published the work
düz. (düzeltildi/ düzeltme)
revisado por
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
kop. (kopyalandı/ tekrar basım)
reedición / nueva edición / reimpresión
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
çev./ terc. (çevrildi/tercüme)
traducido por
Used when the work has been translated into another language
böl. (bölüm)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work