Finnish | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

Phụ lục
Liitteet
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
Xấp xỉ
n. (noin)
Used when quantity is unknown
Thư mục
Bibliografia
List of sources used
vào khoảng
n. (noin)
Used when estimating a quantity
Chương
kpl (kappale)
A defined section of the work
Cột
Pylväs
The vertical part of a table
Luận án
Väitöskirja
A complete work on a specific subject
Biên tập (bởi)
toim. (toimittanut)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
VD:
esim. (esimerkiksi)
Used when giving an example
Đặc biệt (là)
erityisesti
Used when trying to define something more clearly
v.v... (vân vân)
jne. (ja niin edelleen)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
Biểu đồ
kaavio
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
Tức là/Nghĩa là
eli
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
Bao gồm
mukaanlukien
Used when adding something to a list
Ghi chú
huom. (huomautus)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
tr. (trang)
s. (sivu)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
tr. (trang)
sivut
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
Lời tựa/Lời nói đầu
esipuhe
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
Tác giả
julk. (julkaissut)
Used to name the person who has published the work
Hiệu chỉnh (bởi)
muok. (muokannut)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
Tái bản
lisäpainos
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
Người dịch
kääntänyt
Used when the work has been translated into another language
Tập/Phần
vol. (volyymi)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work