Japanese | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

Phụ lục
別表
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
Xấp xỉ
Used when quantity is unknown
Thư mục
参考文献一覧
List of sources used
vào khoảng
およそ
Used when estimating a quantity
Chương
A defined section of the work
Cột
The vertical part of a table
Luận án
学位論文
A complete work on a specific subject
Biên tập (bởi)
編さん
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
VD:
Used when giving an example
Đặc biệt (là)
特に
Used when trying to define something more clearly
v.v... (vân vân)
etc.
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
Biểu đồ
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
Tức là/Nghĩa là
すなわち
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
Bao gồm
含めて
Used when adding something to a list
Ghi chú
注意
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
tr. (trang)
p.(ページ)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
tr. (trang)
pp.(ページ 複数)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
Lời tựa/Lời nói đầu
序論
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
Tác giả
(人物名)出版
Used to name the person who has published the work
Hiệu chỉnh (bởi)
(人物名)編
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
Tái bản
再版
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
Người dịch
(人物名)訳
Used when the work has been translated into another language
Tập/Phần
Indicates a specific volume or section of work