Japanese | Phrases - Academic | Closing

Closing - Summarizing

We opened this paper by noting…
・・・・に触れることで論文を書き始めたが、
Used to begin a summary of the thesis
The foregoing discussion has attempted to…
前述の議論は・・・・するためのものだった。
Used to describe what you have tried to achieve in the thesis
The hypotheses were tested with data covering…
この仮説を・・・・のデータを用いて確かめてきた。
Used to describe the data you used and how it aided your arguments
To sum up…
結論として、・・・・
Used as a general opening to describe what you have tried to achieve in the thesis
In summary, …
まとめると、・・・・
Used as a general opening to describe the what you have tried to achieve in the thesis

Closing - Concluding

We feel that our study enhances academic understanding of the factors…
私たちの研究は・・・・という事項を学術的に強固なものにした。
Used to give an overview of the thesis and to state the main outcome of the thesis
All in all…
全体に目を向けると、・・・・
Used to give a general assessment of the thesis
By and large…
全般的に見て、・・・・
Used to give a general assessment of the thesis
…leads us to the conclusion that…
・・・・は・・・・という結果を導いている。
Used to give a definite conclusion with solid arguments to support it
The arguments given above prove that…
前述の議論は・・・・を証明している。
Used to give a definite conclusion with solid arguments to support it
We can see then, that…
・・・・ということが見て取れる。
Used to give a definite conclusion after having written your supporting arguments
All of this points to the fact that…
これらの全てが・・・・という事実を示している。
Used to give a definite conclusion after having written your supporting arguments
Understanding...can help reveal…
・・・・を理解することは・・・・を明らかにしてくれる。
Used to give evidence, which further supports your conclusion
On balance…
あらゆる点から見て、・・・・
Used to give an unbiased assessment of your findings
A number of restrictions of our study and areas for future research should be mentioned…
私たちの研究の制限事項や今後の研究分野は・・・・で述べられる。
Comes in the conclusion of the thesis to acknowledge any limiting factors
Thus, our thesis is that there are a number of factors that…
したがって、・・・・という事実がある。
Used to give a definite conclusion
Clearly, some of propositions that we have offered are not entirely unique…
確かに、私たちが提案した事柄のすべてが優れているわけではないが、・・・・
Used to acknowledge borrowed ideas
However, we submit that the contribution of our paper rests on three areas…
しかしながら、私たちの提議は次の3つの分野に基づいている。
Used to emphasize the main conclusions of the thesis
Our study serves as a window to an understanding of the process…
私たちの研究は・・・・の過程を理解する窓口になる。
Used to express what the thesis aimed to explain