English | Phrases - Academic | Closing

Closing - Summarizing

・・・・に触れることで論文を書き始めたが、
We opened this paper by noting…
Used to begin a summary of the thesis
前述の議論は・・・・するためのものだった。
The foregoing discussion has attempted to…
Used to describe what you have tried to achieve in the thesis
この仮説を・・・・のデータを用いて確かめてきた。
The hypotheses were tested with data covering…
Used to describe the data you used and how it aided your arguments
結論として、・・・・
To sum up…
Used as a general opening to describe what you have tried to achieve in the thesis
まとめると、・・・・
In summary, …
Used as a general opening to describe the what you have tried to achieve in the thesis

Closing - Concluding

私たちの研究は・・・・という事項を学術的に強固なものにした。
We feel that our study enhances academic understanding of the factors…
Used to give an overview of the thesis and to state the main outcome of the thesis
全体に目を向けると、・・・・
All in all…
Used to give a general assessment of the thesis
全般的に見て、・・・・
By and large…
Used to give a general assessment of the thesis
・・・・は・・・・という結果を導いている。
…leads us to the conclusion that…
Used to give a definite conclusion with solid arguments to support it
前述の議論は・・・・を証明している。
The arguments given above prove that…
Used to give a definite conclusion with solid arguments to support it
・・・・ということが見て取れる。
We can see then, that…
Used to give a definite conclusion after having written your supporting arguments
これらの全てが・・・・という事実を示している。
All of this points to the fact that…
Used to give a definite conclusion after having written your supporting arguments
・・・・を理解することは・・・・を明らかにしてくれる。
Understanding...can help reveal…
Used to give evidence, which further supports your conclusion
あらゆる点から見て、・・・・
On balance…
Used to give an unbiased assessment of your findings
私たちの研究の制限事項や今後の研究分野は・・・・で述べられる。
A number of restrictions of our study and areas for future research should be mentioned…
Comes in the conclusion of the thesis to acknowledge any limiting factors
したがって、・・・・という事実がある。
Thus, our thesis is that there are a number of factors that…
Used to give a definite conclusion
確かに、私たちが提案した事柄のすべてが優れているわけではないが、・・・・
Clearly, some of propositions that we have offered are not entirely unique…
Used to acknowledge borrowed ideas
しかしながら、私たちの提議は次の3つの分野に基づいている。
However, we submit that the contribution of our paper rests on three areas…
Used to emphasize the main conclusions of the thesis
私たちの研究は・・・・の過程を理解する窓口になる。
Our study serves as a window to an understanding of the process…
Used to express what the thesis aimed to explain