Japanese | Phrases - Academic | Main Body

Main Body - Agreeing

Broadly speaking, I agree with… because…
大まかに言って、私は・・・・に賛成である。なぜなら・・・・
Used when in general agreement with someone else's point of view
One is very much inclined to agree with… because…
・・・・の意見に傾いている。なぜなら・・・・
Used when in general agreement with someone else's point of view
I can see his/her point.
言っていることはもっともだ。
Used when you believe someone else's point of view is valid, but you do not fully agree
I entirely agree that…
・・・・に同意している。
Used when in complete agreement with someone else's point of view
I endorse wholeheartedly the opinion that…
心から・・・・という意見を支持する。
Used when in complete agreement with someone else's point of view

Main Body - Disagreeing

Broadly speaking, I disagree with… because…
大まかに言って、・・・・に反対である。
Used when in general disagreement with someone else's point of view
One is very much inclined to disagree with… because…
・・・・の理由で・・・・に反対である。
Used when in general disagreement with someone else's point of view
I can see his point, but disagree with it entirely.
言っていることは理解できるが、完全に反対である。
Used when you understand someone else's point of view, but you do not agree with it at all
I strongly disagree that…
・・・・に強く反対である。
Used when in complete disagreement with someone else's point of view
I am firmly opposed to the idea that…
・・・・という意見に断固として反対する。
Used when in complete opposition to someone else's point of view

Main Body - Comparisons

…and…are similar/different as regards to…
・・・・と・・・・は・・・・の点で似て/違っている。
An informal way of stating specific similarities or comparisons between two things
In contrast to…, …shows…
・・・・と比較して、・・・・は・・・・を表している。
Used when wanting to emphasize the difference between two things
…by contrast with… is/are…
・・・・と比較して、・・・・は・・・・である。
Used when wanting to emphasize the difference between two things
…is similar to… in respect of…
・・・・は・・・・の点で・・・・に類似している。
Used when wanting to emphasize and explain a similarity between two things
…and… differ in terms of...
・・・・と・・・・は・・・・の点で相違している。
Used when wanting to emphasize and explain a difference between two things
The first…, by contrast, the second…
1つ目は・・・・・、一方2つ目は・・・・
Used when wanting to emphasize the difference between two things
One of the main similarities/differences between… and… is that…
・・・・の2つについて、最も大きな類似点/相違点の一つに・・・・が挙げられる。
Used when stating specific similarities or comparisons between two things
One difference between… and… is that…, whereas…
・・・・と・・・・の一つ目の相違点は・・・・だが一方で・・・・
Used to highlight a difference between two things, can be the start of a long list of differences

Main Body - Opinions

I would say that…
・・・・と言えるかもしれない。
Used to give a personal opinion, of which you are not fully confident
It seems to me that…
・・・・のように見受けられる。
Used to give a personal opinion, of which you are not fully confident
In my opinion…
私の意見では、・・・・
Used to give a personal opinion
From my point of view…
私の見方だと、・・・・
Used to give a personal opinion
I am of the opinion that…
私の意見としては、・・・・
Used to give a personal opinion
I believe that there are several reasons. Firstly,… Secondly…
これにはいくつかの理由がある。1つ目に・・・・、2つ目に・・・・
Used when wanting to list many reasons for something
It is my belief that… because…
・・・・の理由で、・・・・だと信じている。
Used to give a personal opinion that you are sure of and an explanation of said opinion

Main Body - Connecting Elements

Let us now analyze/turn to/examine…
・・・・については明らかになったので、・・・・に目を向けることにする。
Used when changing subject and to start a new paragraph
It is now clear that… . Let us turn our attention to…
・・・・については明らかになったので、・・・・に目を向けることにする。
Used when changing subject and to start a new paragraph
Moreover, one argument against this cannot be ignored: …
加えて、これに反する意見もある:・・・・
Used when adding important information to an already developed argument
Admittedly…, but…
確かにそうだが、しかし・・・・
Used when conceding a counter-argument, but wanting to suggest further analysis of your own
It is true that…, yet the fact remains that…
・・・・は真実だが、・・・・依然としてという事実もある。
Used when conceding a counter-argument, but wanting to suggest further analysis of your own
Granted, …, nevertheless…
確かに・・・・だが、それでもなお・・・・
Used when conceding a counter-argument, but wanting to suggest further analysis of your own
On the contrary, …
それどころか、・・・・
Used when correcting a mistaken belief, after said belief has been stated
On the one hand…
一方では・・・・
Used to introduce one side of an argument
On the other hand…
しかしその一方で・・・・
Used to show another side of an argument. Always used after "on the one hand…"
In spite of…
・・・・にもかかわらず
Used when making an argument, which goes against certain data or beliefs
Despite the fact that…
・・・・という事実にもかかわらず、・・・・
Used when making an argument, which goes against certain data or beliefs
Scientifically/Historically speaking…
科学的に/歴史的に言って・・・・
Used when referring to science or past events in history
Incidentally…
ちなみに、・・・・
Used when an additional point is thought of that can support your analysis
Furthermore…
その上・・・・
Used when developing a point to a high analytical level