Polish | Phrases - Academic | Main Body

Main Body - Agreeing

Broadly speaking, I agree with… because…
Ogólnie mówiąc, zgadzam się z..., ponieważ...
Used when in general agreement with someone else's point of view
One is very much inclined to agree with… because…
Stanowczo zgadzam się z jednym z nich..., ponieważ...
Used when in general agreement with someone else's point of view
I can see his/her point.
Rozumiem jej/jego punkt widzenia.
Used when you believe someone else's point of view is valid, but you do not fully agree
I entirely agree that…
W pełni się zgadzam z...
Used when in complete agreement with someone else's point of view
I endorse wholeheartedly the opinion that…
Zgadzam się całkowicie z opinią, że...
Used when in complete agreement with someone else's point of view

Main Body - Disagreeing

Broadly speaking, I disagree with… because…
Ogólnie mówiąc, nie zgadzam się z..., ponieważ...
Used when in general disagreement with someone else's point of view
One is very much inclined to disagree with… because…
Stanowczo nie zgadzam się z jednym z ... , ponieważ...
Used when in general disagreement with someone else's point of view
I can see his point, but disagree with it entirely.
Rozumiem jego punkt widzenia, ale w żaden sposób nie mogę go poprzeć.
Used when you understand someone else's point of view, but you do not agree with it at all
I strongly disagree that…
Stanowczo nie zgadzam się z opinią, że...
Used when in complete disagreement with someone else's point of view
I am firmly opposed to the idea that…
Jestem zdecydowanie przeciwny stanowisku, że...
Used when in complete opposition to someone else's point of view

Main Body - Comparisons

…and…are similar/different as regards to…
...i...są podobne/różne w odniesieniu do...
An informal way of stating specific similarities or comparisons between two things
In contrast to…, …shows…
W przeciwieństwie do..., ...pokazuje...
Used when wanting to emphasize the difference between two things
…by contrast with… is/are…
...w przeciwieństwie do ... jest / są...
Used when wanting to emphasize the difference between two things
…is similar to… in respect of…
...jest podobna do ... w odniesieniu do...
Used when wanting to emphasize and explain a similarity between two things
…and… differ in terms of...
....i...rożnią się pod względem...
Used when wanting to emphasize and explain a difference between two things
The first…, by contrast, the second…
Pierwszy ..., natomiast drugi ...
Used when wanting to emphasize the difference between two things
One of the main similarities/differences between… and… is that…
Jednym z głównych podobieństw/Jedną z głównych różnic między...i...jest to, że...
Used when stating specific similarities or comparisons between two things
One difference between… and… is that…, whereas…
Jedną z różnic pomiędzy...i... jest fakt, że...
Used to highlight a difference between two things, can be the start of a long list of differences

Main Body - Opinions

I would say that…
Powiedziałbym, że...
Used to give a personal opinion, of which you are not fully confident
It seems to me that…
Wydaje mi się, że...
Used to give a personal opinion, of which you are not fully confident
In my opinion…
Moim zdaniem...
Used to give a personal opinion
From my point of view…
Z mojego punktu widzenia...
Used to give a personal opinion
I am of the opinion that…
Jestem zdania, że...
Used to give a personal opinion
I believe that there are several reasons. Firstly,… Secondly…
Uważam, że istnieje kilka powodów. Po pierwsze,... Po drugie...
Used when wanting to list many reasons for something
It is my belief that… because…
Jestem przekonany/a, że..., ponieważ...
Used to give a personal opinion that you are sure of and an explanation of said opinion

Main Body - Connecting Elements

Let us now analyze/turn to/examine…
Przeanalizujmy teraz/Powróćmy do/Zbadajmy...
Used when changing subject and to start a new paragraph
It is now clear that… . Let us turn our attention to…
Jest teraz jasne, że... . Zwróćmy zatem uwagę na...
Used when changing subject and to start a new paragraph
Moreover, one argument against this cannot be ignored: …
Ponadto, istnieje argument przeciw, który nie może zostać zignorowany: ...
Used when adding important information to an already developed argument
Admittedly…, but…
Wprawdzie..., ale...
Used when conceding a counter-argument, but wanting to suggest further analysis of your own
It is true that…, yet the fact remains that…
To prawda, że..., ale faktem pozostaje, iż...
Used when conceding a counter-argument, but wanting to suggest further analysis of your own
Granted, …, nevertheless…
Bezsprzecznie...., aczkolwiek...
Used when conceding a counter-argument, but wanting to suggest further analysis of your own
On the contrary, …
Przeciwnie, ...
Used when correcting a mistaken belief, after said belief has been stated
On the one hand…
Z jednej strony...
Used to introduce one side of an argument
On the other hand…
Z drugiej strony...
Used to show another side of an argument. Always used after "on the one hand…"
In spite of…
Pomimo/Wbrew...
Used when making an argument, which goes against certain data or beliefs
Despite the fact that…
Pomimo faktu, że...
Used when making an argument, which goes against certain data or beliefs
Scientifically/Historically speaking…
Naukowo/Historycznie rzecz biorąc...
Used when referring to science or past events in history
Incidentally…
Nawiasem mówiąc, ...
Used when an additional point is thought of that can support your analysis
Furthermore…
Ponadto...
Used when developing a point to a high analytical level