English | Phrases - Academic | Main Body

Main Body - Agreeing

En plej aspektoj, mi konsentas kun... ĉar...
Broadly speaking, I agree with… because…
Used when in general agreement with someone else's point of view
Unu estas tre inklina konsenti kun... ĉar...
One is very much inclined to agree with… because…
Used when in general agreement with someone else's point of view
Mi povas vidi lian/ŝian punkton.
I can see his/her point.
Used when you believe someone else's point of view is valid, but you do not fully agree
Mi tute konsentas, ke...
I entirely agree that…
Used when in complete agreement with someone else's point of view
Mi aprobas elkore la opinion, ke...
I endorse wholeheartedly the opinion that…
Used when in complete agreement with someone else's point of view

Main Body - Disagreeing

En plej aspektoj, mi malkonsentas kun... ĉar...
Broadly speaking, I disagree with… because…
Used when in general disagreement with someone else's point of view
Unu estas tre inklina malkonsenti kun... ĉar...
One is very much inclined to disagree with… because…
Used when in general disagreement with someone else's point of view
Mi povas kompreni lian punkton, sed mi malkonsentas tute kun ĝi.
I can see his point, but disagree with it entirely.
Used when you understand someone else's point of view, but you do not agree with it at all
Mi tute malkonsentas, ke...
I strongly disagree that…
Used when in complete disagreement with someone else's point of view
Mi firme kontraŭstaras al la ideo, ke...
I am firmly opposed to the idea that…
Used when in complete opposition to someone else's point of view

Main Body - Comparisons

...kaj...estas similaj/malsamaj rilate al ...
…and…are similar/different as regards to…
An informal way of stating specific similarities or comparisons between two things
En kontrasto al..., ...montras...
In contrast to…, …shows…
Used when wanting to emphasize the difference between two things
...per kontrasto kun...estas...
…by contrast with… is/are…
Used when wanting to emphasize the difference between two things
...estas simila al... rilate...
…is similar to… in respect of…
Used when wanting to emphasize and explain a similarity between two things
...kaj... malsamas en terminoj de...
…and… differ in terms of...
Used when wanting to emphasize and explain a difference between two things
La unua..., kontraste, la dua...
The first…, by contrast, the second…
Used when wanting to emphasize the difference between two things
Unu el la ĉefaj similecoj/diferencoj inter ...kaj... estas, ke...
One of the main similarities/differences between… and… is that…
Used when stating specific similarities or comparisons between two things
Unu diferenco inter... kaj... estas, ke ..., dum kiu...
One difference between… and… is that…, whereas…
Used to highlight a difference between two things, can be the start of a long list of differences

Main Body - Opinions

Mi dirus, ke...
I would say that…
Used to give a personal opinion, of which you are not fully confident
Ŝajnas al mi, ke...
It seems to me that…
Used to give a personal opinion, of which you are not fully confident
Miaopinie…
In my opinion…
Used to give a personal opinion
El mia vidpunkto...
From my point of view…
Used to give a personal opinion
Mi estas de la opinio, ke...
I am of the opinion that…
Used to give a personal opinion
Mi kredas, ke estas pluraj kialoj. Unue,... Due,...
I believe that there are several reasons. Firstly,… Secondly…
Used when wanting to list many reasons for something
Estas mia kredo, ke... ĉar...
It is my belief that… because…
Used to give a personal opinion that you are sure of and an explanation of said opinion

Main Body - Connecting Elements

Ni nun analizos/turnos al/ekzamenos...
Let us now analyze/turn to/examine…
Used when changing subject and to start a new paragraph
Ĝi nun estas klara, ke.... Ni nun turnos nian atenton al...
It is now clear that… . Let us turn our attention to…
Used when changing subject and to start a new paragraph
Plie, unu argumento kontraŭ tiu, ke ne povas esti ignorita:...
Moreover, one argument against this cannot be ignored: …
Used when adding important information to an already developed argument
Certe..., sed...
Admittedly…, but…
Used when conceding a counter-argument, but wanting to suggest further analysis of your own
Estas vera, ke..., tamen la fakto restas, ke...
It is true that…, yet the fact remains that…
Used when conceding a counter-argument, but wanting to suggest further analysis of your own
Koncedita, ..., tamen...
Granted, …, nevertheless…
Used when conceding a counter-argument, but wanting to suggest further analysis of your own
Kontraŭe, ...
On the contrary, …
Used when correcting a mistaken belief, after said belief has been stated
Unuflanke...
On the one hand…
Used to introduce one side of an argument
Aliflanke…
On the other hand…
Used to show another side of an argument. Always used after "on the one hand…"
Malgraŭ…
In spite of…
Used when making an argument, which goes against certain data or beliefs
Malgraŭ la fakto ke...
Despite the fact that…
Used when making an argument, which goes against certain data or beliefs
Science/Historie parolanta...
Scientifically/Historically speaking…
Used when referring to science or past events in history
Parenteze...
Incidentally…
Used when an additional point is thought of that can support your analysis
Krome...
Furthermore…
Used when developing a point to a high analytical level