English | Phrases - Academic | Main Body

Main Body - Agreeing

Yleisesti ottaen olen samaa mieltä ... kanssa, sillä...
Broadly speaking, I agree with… because…
Used when in general agreement with someone else's point of view
Olen halukas yksimielisyyteen ... kanssa, sillä...
One is very much inclined to agree with… because…
Used when in general agreement with someone else's point of view
Hänen näkökantansa on ymmärrettävä.
I can see his/her point.
Used when you believe someone else's point of view is valid, but you do not fully agree
Olen täysin samaa mieltä siitä, että...
I entirely agree that…
Used when in complete agreement with someone else's point of view
Hyväksyn täysin ajatuksen siitä, että...
I endorse wholeheartedly the opinion that…
Used when in complete agreement with someone else's point of view

Main Body - Disagreeing

Yleisesti ottaen olen eri mieltä ... kanssa, sillä...
Broadly speaking, I disagree with… because…
Used when in general disagreement with someone else's point of view
On houkuttelevaa olla eri mieltä ... kanssa, sillä...
One is very much inclined to disagree with… because…
Used when in general disagreement with someone else's point of view
Ymmärrän hänen näkökantansa, mutta olen täysin eri mieltä asiasta.
I can see his point, but disagree with it entirely.
Used when you understand someone else's point of view, but you do not agree with it at all
Olen vahvasti eri mieltä siitä, että...
I strongly disagree that…
Used when in complete disagreement with someone else's point of view
Vastustan vahvasti ajatusta siitä, että...
I am firmly opposed to the idea that…
Used when in complete opposition to someone else's point of view

Main Body - Comparisons

... ja ... muistuttavat / eroavat toisistaan suhteessa...
…and…are similar/different as regards to…
An informal way of stating specific similarities or comparisons between two things
Verrattuna ..., ... näyttää...
In contrast to…, …shows…
Used when wanting to emphasize the difference between two things
Päinvastoin kuin ..., ... on...
…by contrast with… is/are…
Used when wanting to emphasize the difference between two things
... muistuttaa ... suhteessa...
…is similar to… in respect of…
Used when wanting to emphasize and explain a similarity between two things
... ja ... eroavat ... perusteilta...
…and… differ in terms of...
Used when wanting to emphasize and explain a difference between two things
Ensimmäinen ..., sitä vastoin toinen...
The first…, by contrast, the second…
Used when wanting to emphasize the difference between two things
Yksi olennaisimmista yhtäläisyyksistä / eroista ... ja ... välillä on...
One of the main similarities/differences between… and… is that…
Used when stating specific similarities or comparisons between two things
Yksi eroista ... ja ... välillä on se, että kun...
One difference between… and… is that…, whereas…
Used to highlight a difference between two things, can be the start of a long list of differences

Main Body - Opinions

Voisin sanoa, että...
I would say that…
Used to give a personal opinion, of which you are not fully confident
Vaikuttaa siltä, että...
It seems to me that…
Used to give a personal opinion, of which you are not fully confident
Mielestäni...
In my opinion…
Used to give a personal opinion
Omalta näkökantiltani katsoen...
From my point of view…
Used to give a personal opinion
Olen sitä mieltä, että...
I am of the opinion that…
Used to give a personal opinion
Uskon, että asiaan on monta syytä. Ensiksi... Toiseksi...
I believe that there are several reasons. Firstly,… Secondly…
Used when wanting to list many reasons for something
Uskon, että..., sillä...
It is my belief that… because…
Used to give a personal opinion that you are sure of and an explanation of said opinion

Main Body - Connecting Elements

Kääntykäämme nyt tarkastelemaan / analysoimaan...
Let us now analyze/turn to/examine…
Used when changing subject and to start a new paragraph
...on nyt selvennetty. Kääntäkäämme huomiomme...
It is now clear that… . Let us turn our attention to…
Used when changing subject and to start a new paragraph
Lisäksi, seuraavaa väitettä ei voi jättää huomioimatta:...
Moreover, one argument against this cannot be ignored: …
Used when adding important information to an already developed argument
Kieltämättä..., mutta...
Admittedly…, but…
Used when conceding a counter-argument, but wanting to suggest further analysis of your own
On totta, että..., mutta edelleen on todettava,että...
It is true that…, yet the fact remains that…
Used when conceding a counter-argument, but wanting to suggest further analysis of your own
Myönnettäköön, että..., mutta siitä huolimatta...
Granted, …, nevertheless…
Used when conceding a counter-argument, but wanting to suggest further analysis of your own
Päinvastoin...
On the contrary, …
Used when correcting a mistaken belief, after said belief has been stated
Toisaalta...
On the one hand…
Used to introduce one side of an argument
Toisaalta...
On the other hand…
Used to show another side of an argument. Always used after "on the one hand…"
Huolimatta...
In spite of…
Used when making an argument, which goes against certain data or beliefs
Huolimatta siitä, että...
Despite the fact that…
Used when making an argument, which goes against certain data or beliefs
Tieteellisesti / historiallisesti katsoen...
Scientifically/Historically speaking…
Used when referring to science or past events in history
Ohimennen...
Incidentally…
Used when an additional point is thought of that can support your analysis
Lisäksi...
Furthermore…
Used when developing a point to a high analytical level