English | Phrases - Academic | Main Body

Main Body - Agreeing

Grundsätzlich stimme ich dem zu, weil...
Broadly speaking, I agree with… because…
Used when in general agreement with someone else's point of view
Ich bin sehr geneigt, dem zuzustimmen, weil...
One is very much inclined to agree with… because…
Used when in general agreement with someone else's point of view
Seine/Ihre Sichtweise ist nachvollziehbar.
I can see his/her point.
Used when you believe someone else's point of view is valid, but you do not fully agree
Ich stimme völlig zu, dass...
I entirely agree that…
Used when in complete agreement with someone else's point of view
Ich unterstütze gänzlich die Meinung, dass...
I endorse wholeheartedly the opinion that…
Used when in complete agreement with someone else's point of view

Main Body - Disagreeing

Grundsätzlich stimme ich dem nicht zu, weil...
Broadly speaking, I disagree with… because…
Used when in general disagreement with someone else's point of view
Ich bin sehr geneigt, dem zu widersprechen, weil...
One is very much inclined to disagree with… because…
Used when in general disagreement with someone else's point of view
Die Sichtweise ist nachvollziehbar, trotzdem bin ich komplett anderer Meinung.
I can see his point, but disagree with it entirely.
Used when you understand someone else's point of view, but you do not agree with it at all
Ich widerspreche der Aussage, dass... nachhaltig.
I strongly disagree that…
Used when in complete disagreement with someone else's point of view
Ich lehne die Idee entschieden ab, dass...
I am firmly opposed to the idea that…
Used when in complete opposition to someone else's point of view

Main Body - Comparisons

... und ... ähneln/unterscheiden sich hinsichtlich...
…and…are similar/different as regards to…
An informal way of stating specific similarities or comparisons between two things
Im Unterschied zu ... weist ... auf...
In contrast to…, …shows…
Used when wanting to emphasize the difference between two things
Im Gegensatz zu ... ist/sind...
…by contrast with… is/are…
Used when wanting to emphasize the difference between two things
... ähnelt ... hinsichtlich...
…is similar to… in respect of…
Used when wanting to emphasize and explain a similarity between two things
... und ... unterscheiden sich im Hinblick auf...
…and… differ in terms of...
Used when wanting to emphasize and explain a difference between two things
Der erste..., während im Gegensatz dazu der zweite...
The first…, by contrast, the second…
Used when wanting to emphasize the difference between two things
Eine der wesentlichen Ähnlichkeiten/Verschiedenheiten zwischen ... und ... ist...
One of the main similarities/differences between… and… is that…
Used when stating specific similarities or comparisons between two things
Ein großer Unterschied zwischen ... und ... ist, dass ... , während...
One difference between… and… is that…, whereas…
Used to highlight a difference between two things, can be the start of a long list of differences

Main Body - Opinions

Ich würde sagen, dass...
I would say that…
Used to give a personal opinion, of which you are not fully confident
Es scheint mir, dass...
It seems to me that…
Used to give a personal opinion, of which you are not fully confident
Meiner Meinung nach...
In my opinion…
Used to give a personal opinion
Von meinem Standpunkt aus...
From my point of view…
Used to give a personal opinion
Ich bin der Ansicht, dass...
I am of the opinion that…
Used to give a personal opinion
Meiner Meinung nach gibt es eine Reihe von Gründen. Erstens... . Zweitens...
I believe that there are several reasons. Firstly,… Secondly…
Used when wanting to list many reasons for something
Es ist meine Überzeugung, dass... , weil...
It is my belief that… because…
Used to give a personal opinion that you are sure of and an explanation of said opinion

Main Body - Connecting Elements

Lassen Sie uns nun ... analysieren/zuwenden/untersuchen...
Let us now analyze/turn to/examine…
Used when changing subject and to start a new paragraph
Es steht nun fest, dass... . Nun richten wir unser Augenmerk auf...
It is now clear that… . Let us turn our attention to…
Used when changing subject and to start a new paragraph
Überdies darf ein Argument dagegen nicht übergangen werden: ...
Moreover, one argument against this cannot be ignored: …
Used when adding important information to an already developed argument
Zugegebenermaßen... , aber...
Admittedly…, but…
Used when conceding a counter-argument, but wanting to suggest further analysis of your own
Zwar trifft ... zu, dennoch bleibt die Tatsache bestehen, dass...
It is true that…, yet the fact remains that…
Used when conceding a counter-argument, but wanting to suggest further analysis of your own
Zugegeben, ... , nichtsdestotrotz...
Granted, …, nevertheless…
Used when conceding a counter-argument, but wanting to suggest further analysis of your own
Im Gegenteil...
On the contrary, …
Used when correcting a mistaken belief, after said belief has been stated
Einerseits...
On the one hand…
Used to introduce one side of an argument
Andererseits...
On the other hand…
Used to show another side of an argument. Always used after "on the one hand…"
Trotz...
In spite of…
Used when making an argument, which goes against certain data or beliefs
Ungeachtet der Tatsache, dass...
Despite the fact that…
Used when making an argument, which goes against certain data or beliefs
Wissenschaftlich/Historisch gesehen...
Scientifically/Historically speaking…
Used when referring to science or past events in history
Im Übrigen...
Incidentally…
Used when an additional point is thought of that can support your analysis
Darüber hinaus...
Furthermore…
Used when developing a point to a high analytical level