Chinese | Phrases - Academic | Opening

Opening - Introduction

In this essay/paper/thesis I shall examine/investigate/evaluate/analyze…
在这篇论文/报告中,我将研究/调查/评估/分析…
General opening for an essay/thesis
To answer this question, we begin by taking a closer look at…
要回答这个问题,我们首先来看一下...
To introduce a specfic area of a subject on which you shall focus
The question, whether…has been preoccupying the experts for some time.
是否...的问题,相关领域的专家已经关注一段时间了。
General opening to introduce a subject
It is a well-known fact that…
众所周知...
General opening to introduce a subject that is well-known
A great deal is being written and said about…
关于...已有大量书面和口头的讨论。
General opening to introduce a subject
It is generally agreed today that…
如今,大家普遍认为...
General opening to introduce a subject that is generally agreed upon, but which you would like to question
We then review the factors…
我们审视...等方面。
Developing your opening to describe exactly what your thesis involves
We build on this analysis to identify…
在此分析基础上,我们论证...
Developing your opening to describe exactly what your thesis involves
A persistent theme in...is…
在...领域,学者们普遍认为...
Introducing the main themes
As an empirical phenomenon, ... has been observed repeatedly.
根据实证研究,...现象已被重点关注。
To emphasize the importance of your study
Against this background, the central question that motivates this paper is: ...
据此背景,写这篇论文要解决的核心问题是...
Specific statement saying what your study is about, comes after general background information
This research explores the causes of…
这项研究探寻...的原因
Specific statement of intention for your research
The authors of more recent studies have proposed that…
近期相关研究的作者建议...
Used to present the current academic thinking around your chosen subject
Our purpose is to…
我们的目的是...
Used to state the main aims of the study
By empirically examining..., we hope to produce a more complete understanding of…
通过对...实证研究,我们希望能够对...有一个更全面的理解
Used to describe your method and introduce the central aspect of the study

Opening - Definition

By definition… means…
根据定义,...的意思是...
Used to define a certain word
For the purposes of this essay, the term… will be taken to mean…
在这篇论文中,术语...的意思是...
Used to define a certain word
It is important to be clear about the definition of…
明确...的定义很重要
Used to define a certain word
The term… refers to…
术语...指...
Used to define a certain word
The standard model suggests that… can be defined as…
根据标准模型,...可以被定义为...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
According to..., …is defined as…
根据...,...被定义为...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
…may be defined in many ways. Some people argue that the term denotes…
...有很多种定义。有些人认为此术语指...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
…is commonly understood to mean…
...普遍被认为是指...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
What we usually have in mind when we talk about… is…
提到...,通常我们想到的是...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
Two brief examples might clarify this concept.
两个简短的例子可以解释这一概念。
A statement, after which you can use examples to define an idea
It is important to emphasize…
强调...很重要
Used when wanting to draw attention to your definition
Our focus is on…
我们的关注点在...
A casual way to define a certain word
Finally, we should clarify our definition of…
最后,我们应该明确对...的定义
Used towards the end of a paragraph, in order to define a certain word
What we mean is that…
我们的意思是...
Used to further explain a definition or give examples of that definition
Several explanations have been offered.
就此可以提供几种解释。
A statement, after which you can further explain your definition
We can characterize these explanations as being rooted in…
我们可以定性这些解释,它们是基于...
Used to clarify the basis for your definition
These explanations complement each other and help to illuminate the phenomenon of…
这些解释相互补充,有助于阐明...的现象
Used after having given two similar examples, which together can be used to define a word
Following..., scholars have argued that …
根据...,其他学者认为...
Used when there is one clear expert in your field, but others have contributed towards his definition

Opening - Hypothesis

The central question then becomes: how might… affect…?
那么核心问题是:...将如何影响...?
Used to present the main hypothesis
Given this evidence for..., an examination of the factors that impact upon… seems warranted.
根据对...的证据,对...的影响因素的研究看起来是有必要的。
Used to present the main hypothesis
Over a decade ago, … and… started a debate centering on this question: whether…
十多年前,...和...就是否...的问题展开一场争论。
Used to present the main hypothesis
This research addresses… by developing and testing a series of hypotheses indicating how… affects...
这项研究涉及...,通过建立和检验一系列假设说明...是如何影响...
Used to present the main hypothesis
Thus, following the reasoning set forth by..., we hypothesize that…
因此,根据...阐述的推理,我们推测...
Used to present the main hypothesis
Some of these arguments have been formalized by..., but none have been tested.
其中一些论点已被...规范化,但并没有被检测过。
Used to introduce the hypothesis and state that your study is unique
The evidence from these studies suggests a variety of factors related to…
研究表明多种因素与...相关
Used to present the factors relevant to your study and your hypothesis
...found a significant correlation between… and…
...发现...和...存在重要关联
Used to point out someone else's work, which has relevance to your own