Dutch | Phrases - Academic | Opening

Opening - Introduction

In this essay/paper/thesis I shall examine/investigate/evaluate/analyze…
In dit essay/werkstuk/deze scriptie zal ik ... nagaan/onderzoeken/evalueren/analyseren ...
General opening for an essay/thesis
To answer this question, we begin by taking a closer look at…
Om deze vraag te kunnen beantwoorden, beginnen we met het nader bestuderen van ...
To introduce a specfic area of a subject on which you shall focus
The question, whether…has been preoccupying the experts for some time.
De vraag of ..., houdt deskundigen al sinds geruime tijd bezig.
General opening to introduce a subject
It is a well-known fact that…
Het is een welbekend feit dat ...
General opening to introduce a subject that is well-known
A great deal is being written and said about…
Er is reeds zeer veel geschreven en gezegd over ...
General opening to introduce a subject
It is generally agreed today that…
Tegenwoordig is algemeen bekend dat ...
General opening to introduce a subject that is generally agreed upon, but which you would like to question
We then review the factors…
Aansluitend bespreken we de factoren ...
Developing your opening to describe exactly what your thesis involves
We build on this analysis to identify…
We bouwen voort op de analyse om te bepalen dat ...
Developing your opening to describe exactly what your thesis involves
A persistent theme in...is…
Een vast onderwerp in ... is ...
Introducing the main themes
As an empirical phenomenon, ... has been observed repeatedly.
Als empirisch fenomeen is ... herhaaldelijk waargenomen.
To emphasize the importance of your study
Against this background, the central question that motivates this paper is: ...
Voor deze achtergrond houdt dit werkstuk zich met de volgende hoofdvraag bezig: ...
Specific statement saying what your study is about, comes after general background information
This research explores the causes of…
Deze analyse onderzoekt de oorzaken van ...
Specific statement of intention for your research
The authors of more recent studies have proposed that…
De auteurs van meer recente studies hebben vastgesteld, dat ...
Used to present the current academic thinking around your chosen subject
Our purpose is to…
Ons doel is, ...
Used to state the main aims of the study
By empirically examining..., we hope to produce a more complete understanding of…
Door middel van empirisch onderzoek willen wij een bijdrage leveren aan een vollediger inzicht van ...
Used to describe your method and introduce the central aspect of the study

Opening - Definition

By definition… means…
Volgens de definitie betekent ... ...
Used to define a certain word
For the purposes of this essay, the term… will be taken to mean…
In dit werkstuk wordt het begrip ... in de zin van ... gebruikt.
Used to define a certain word
It is important to be clear about the definition of…
Het is belangrijk om duidelijk te zijn over de definitie van ...
Used to define a certain word
The term… refers to…
Het begrip ... heeft betrekking op ...
Used to define a certain word
The standard model suggests that… can be defined as…
Het standaardmodel suggereert dat ... kan worden gedefinieerd als ...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
According to..., …is defined as…
Volgens ... wordt ... gedefinieerd als ...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
…may be defined in many ways. Some people argue that the term denotes…
... kan op verschillende wijzen worden gedefinieerd. Enerzijds wordt beweerd, dat het begrip ... betekent dat ...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
…is commonly understood to mean…
... wordt in het algemeen opgevat als ...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
What we usually have in mind when we talk about… is…
Wanneer we over ... spreken, bedoelen we daarmee in het algemeen ...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
Two brief examples might clarify this concept.
Twee korte voorbeelden om te helpen het concept te verduidelijken
A statement, after which you can use examples to define an idea
It is important to emphasize…
Het is belangrijk om de nadruk te leggen op ...
Used when wanting to draw attention to your definition
Our focus is on…
Onze aandacht is gevestigd op ...
A casual way to define a certain word
Finally, we should clarify our definition of…
Tenslotte willen wij onze definitie van ... verduidelijken.
Used towards the end of a paragraph, in order to define a certain word
What we mean is that…
Daarmee bedoelen we ...
Used to further explain a definition or give examples of that definition
Several explanations have been offered.
Er zijn verschillende verklaringen beschikbaar
A statement, after which you can further explain your definition
We can characterize these explanations as being rooted in…
Deze verklaringen vinden hun oorsprong in ...
Used to clarify the basis for your definition
These explanations complement each other and help to illuminate the phenomenon of…
Deze verklaringen vullen elkaar aan en helpen daarmee het fenomeen van ... te verduidelijken.
Used after having given two similar examples, which together can be used to define a word
Following..., scholars have argued that …
Volgend op ... hebben wetenschappers beredeneerd dat ...
Used when there is one clear expert in your field, but others have contributed towards his definition

Opening - Hypothesis

The central question then becomes: how might… affect…?
Daaruit volgt de centrale vraag: hoe beïnvloedt ... ...
Used to present the main hypothesis
Given this evidence for..., an examination of the factors that impact upon… seems warranted.
Gezien het bewijs voor ... schijnt een analyse van de factoren die ... beïnvloeden gerechtvaardigd.
Used to present the main hypothesis
Over a decade ago, … and… started a debate centering on this question: whether…
Een decennium geleden begonnen ... en ... een discussie over de volgende vraag: of ...
Used to present the main hypothesis
This research addresses… by developing and testing a series of hypotheses indicating how… affects...
Dit onderzoek houdt zich bezig met ..., waarbij een serie van hypothesen is ontwikkeld en getoetst, die aangeven hoe ... ... beïnvloedt.
Used to present the main hypothesis
Thus, following the reasoning set forth by..., we hypothesize that…
Op basis van de argumentatie van ... stellen we daarom de volgende hypothese op ...
Used to present the main hypothesis
Some of these arguments have been formalized by..., but none have been tested.
Sommige argumenten zijn geformuleerd door ..., maar tot nu toe zijn ze niet getoetst.
Used to introduce the hypothesis and state that your study is unique
The evidence from these studies suggests a variety of factors related to…
De resultaten van deze studies stellen een reeks van factoren voor die gerelateerd zijn aan ...
Used to present the factors relevant to your study and your hypothesis
...found a significant correlation between… and…
... heeft een significante samenhang bewezen tussen ... en ...
Used to point out someone else's work, which has relevance to your own