Esperanto | Phrases - Academic | Opening

Opening - Introduction

In this essay/paper/thesis I shall examine/investigate/evaluate/analyze…
En tiu eseo/papero tezo, mi ekzamenas/enketas/komputas/analizas...
General opening for an essay/thesis
To answer this question, we begin by taking a closer look at…
Por respondi tiun demandon, ni komencas per prenante pli proksiman rigardon ĉe...
To introduce a specfic area of a subject on which you shall focus
The question, whether…has been preoccupying the experts for some time.
La demando, ĉu ... estis interesa la ekspertoj por iu tempo.
General opening to introduce a subject
It is a well-known fact that…
Estas konata fakto, ke...
General opening to introduce a subject that is well-known
A great deal is being written and said about…
Multa estas verkita kaj dirita pri...
General opening to introduce a subject
It is generally agreed today that…
Ĝi ĝenerale akceptas hodiaŭ, ke...
General opening to introduce a subject that is generally agreed upon, but which you would like to question
We then review the factors…
Ni tiam reekzamenos la faktoroj...
Developing your opening to describe exactly what your thesis involves
We build on this analysis to identify…
Ni dependas sur ĉi analizo por identigi...
Developing your opening to describe exactly what your thesis involves
A persistent theme in...is…
Daura temo en... estas...
Introducing the main themes
As an empirical phenomenon, ... has been observed repeatedly.
Kiel empiria fenomeno, ... observis ree.
To emphasize the importance of your study
Against this background, the central question that motivates this paper is: ...
Kontraŭ tiu fono, la centra demando, kiu motivas ĉi paperon estas: ...
Specific statement saying what your study is about, comes after general background information
This research explores the causes of…
Tiu esplorado esploras la kaŭzojn de...
Specific statement of intention for your research
The authors of more recent studies have proposed that…
La aŭtoroj de pli lastatempaj studoj proponis, ke...
Used to present the current academic thinking around your chosen subject
Our purpose is to…
Nia celo estas...
Used to state the main aims of the study
By empirically examining..., we hope to produce a more complete understanding of…
Per empirie ekzamenante..., ni esperas produkti pli kompletan komprenon de...
Used to describe your method and introduce the central aspect of the study

Opening - Definition

By definition… means…
Per difino... signifas...
Used to define a certain word
For the purposes of this essay, the term… will be taken to mean…
Por la celoj de ĉi tiu eseo, la termino... estos prenita por signifi...
Used to define a certain word
It is important to be clear about the definition of…
Estas grave, havi certe la difino de...
Used to define a certain word
The term… refers to…
La termino... rilatas al...
Used to define a certain word
The standard model suggests that… can be defined as…
La norma modelo sugestas, ke... povas esti difinita kiel...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
According to..., …is defined as…
Laŭ..., ...estas difinita kiel...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
…may be defined in many ways. Some people argue that the term denotes…
...povas esti difinita laŭ multaj manieroj. Kelkaj personoj argumentas, ke la termino signifas...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
…is commonly understood to mean…
...estas kutime komprenita por signifi...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
What we usually have in mind when we talk about… is…
Kion ni kutime havas en menso, kiam ni parolas pri ... estas...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
Two brief examples might clarify this concept.
Du mallongaj ekzemploj povus klarigi tiun koncepton.
A statement, after which you can use examples to define an idea
It is important to emphasize…
Gravas emfazi...
Used when wanting to draw attention to your definition
Our focus is on…
Nia fokuso estas sur...
A casual way to define a certain word
Finally, we should clarify our definition of…
Fine, ni devas klarigi nian difinon de...
Used towards the end of a paragraph, in order to define a certain word
What we mean is that…
Kion ni volas diri, estas ke...
Used to further explain a definition or give examples of that definition
Several explanations have been offered.
Pluraj klarigoj estis proponitaj.
A statement, after which you can further explain your definition
We can characterize these explanations as being rooted in…
Ni povas karakterizi tiujn klarigojn kiel esencaj en...
Used to clarify the basis for your definition
These explanations complement each other and help to illuminate the phenomenon of…
Tiuj klarigoj kompletigas unu la alian kaj helpas lumigi la fenomeno de...
Used after having given two similar examples, which together can be used to define a word
Following..., scholars have argued that …
Sekvante..., akademiuloj argumentis, ke...
Used when there is one clear expert in your field, but others have contributed towards his definition

Opening - Hypothesis

The central question then becomes: how might… affect…?
La centra demando tiam iĝas: Kiel eblas... influas...?
Used to present the main hypothesis
Given this evidence for..., an examination of the factors that impact upon… seems warranted.
Donita ĉi evidenteco por..., ekzameno de la faktoroj, kiuj trafas sur... ŝajnas garantiita.
Used to present the main hypothesis
Over a decade ago, … and… started a debate centering on this question: whether…
Super jardeko antaŭe, ... kaj ... komencis debaton centranta sur tiun demandon: ĉu ...
Used to present the main hypothesis
This research addresses… by developing and testing a series of hypotheses indicating how… affects...
Tiu esplorado aldiras... de disvolvi kaj testi serion de hipotezoj indikante kiom... efikas...
Used to present the main hypothesis
Thus, following the reasoning set forth by..., we hypothesize that…
Tiel, sekvante la rezonado difinita per..., ni hipotezas, ke...
Used to present the main hypothesis
Some of these arguments have been formalized by..., but none have been tested.
Iuj de tiuj argumentoj estis determinita de..., sed neniu estis provitaj.
Used to introduce the hypothesis and state that your study is unique
The evidence from these studies suggests a variety of factors related to…
La evidenteco de tiuj studoj sugestas vario de faktoroj rilatigitaj al...
Used to present the factors relevant to your study and your hypothesis
...found a significant correlation between… and…
...trovis signifan korelacion inter... kaj...
Used to point out someone else's work, which has relevance to your own