Romanian | Phrases - Academic | Opening

Opening - Introduction

In this essay/paper/thesis I shall examine/investigate/evaluate/analyze…
În acest eseu/această lucrare/teză voi examina/investiga/evalua/analiza...
General opening for an essay/thesis
To answer this question, we begin by taking a closer look at…
Pentru a răspunde la această întrebare, trebuie să aruncăm o privire mai amănunțită asupra...
To introduce a specfic area of a subject on which you shall focus
The question, whether…has been preoccupying the experts for some time.
Ideea de...preocupă experții de ceva vreme.
General opening to introduce a subject
It is a well-known fact that…
Este cunoscut tuturor faptul că...
General opening to introduce a subject that is well-known
A great deal is being written and said about…
Multe s-au spus și s-au scris despre...
General opening to introduce a subject
It is generally agreed today that…
Este unanim acceptat astăzi faptul că...
General opening to introduce a subject that is generally agreed upon, but which you would like to question
We then review the factors…
Trecând din nou în revistă factorii...
Developing your opening to describe exactly what your thesis involves
We build on this analysis to identify…
Am conceput această analiză pentru a identifica...
Developing your opening to describe exactly what your thesis involves
A persistent theme in...is…
O temă recurentă in domeniul...este...
Introducing the main themes
As an empirical phenomenon, ... has been observed repeatedly.
Ca fenomen empiric...a fost observat în repetate rânduri
To emphasize the importance of your study
Against this background, the central question that motivates this paper is: ...
Din acest considerent, întrebarea centrală în jurul căreia se articulează întreaga lucrare este...
Specific statement saying what your study is about, comes after general background information
This research explores the causes of…
Această lucrare explorează cauzele...
Specific statement of intention for your research
The authors of more recent studies have proposed that…
Autorii mai multor studii recente au propus...
Used to present the current academic thinking around your chosen subject
Our purpose is to…
Scopul nostru în lucrarea de față este de a...
Used to state the main aims of the study
By empirically examining..., we hope to produce a more complete understanding of…
Prin examinare empirică...sperăm să ajutăm la o înțelegere mai complexă a...
Used to describe your method and introduce the central aspect of the study

Opening - Definition

By definition… means…
Prin definiție, ... înseamnă...
Used to define a certain word
For the purposes of this essay, the term… will be taken to mean…
Pe parcursul acestei lucrări termenul de...va fi tratat cu înțelesul de...
Used to define a certain word
It is important to be clear about the definition of…
Este important ca îninte de utilizare să clarificăm definiția termenului...
Used to define a certain word
The term… refers to…
Termenul...se referă la...
Used to define a certain word
The standard model suggests that… can be defined as…
Modelul standard sugerează că...poate fi definit ca...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
According to..., …is defined as…
Conform ..., ...este definit ca fiind...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
…may be defined in many ways. Some people argue that the term denotes…
...poate fi definit în mai multe moduri. Unii oameni consideră că termenul denotă...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
…is commonly understood to mean…
...este înțeles ca...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
What we usually have in mind when we talk about… is…
Când vorbim despre..., de obicei ne gândim la...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
Two brief examples might clarify this concept.
Două exemple scurte ar putea clarifica conceptul de faţă.
A statement, after which you can use examples to define an idea
It is important to emphasize…
Este important să accentuăm...
Used when wanting to draw attention to your definition
Our focus is on…
Atenţia noastră este acum asupra...
A casual way to define a certain word
Finally, we should clarify our definition of…
Prin urmare, ar trebui să clarificăm definiția termenului...
Used towards the end of a paragraph, in order to define a certain word
What we mean is that…
Ceea ce vrem să spunem este...
Used to further explain a definition or give examples of that definition
Several explanations have been offered.
Mai multe explicaţii au fost oferite.
A statement, after which you can further explain your definition
We can characterize these explanations as being rooted in…
Putem caracteriza aceste explicaţii ca provenind din...
Used to clarify the basis for your definition
These explanations complement each other and help to illuminate the phenomenon of…
Aceste exemple sunt complementare şi ajută la clarificarea fenomenului de...
Used after having given two similar examples, which together can be used to define a word
Following..., scholars have argued that …
Urmând..., experții au demonstrat că...
Used when there is one clear expert in your field, but others have contributed towards his definition

Opening - Hypothesis

The central question then becomes: how might… affect…?
Întrebarea principală devine apoi: ce efect va avea...asupra...?
Used to present the main hypothesis
Given this evidence for..., an examination of the factors that impact upon… seems warranted.
Având în vedere dovezile asupra..., o examinare a factorilor cu impact decisiv asupra...este justificată.
Used to present the main hypothesis
Over a decade ago, … and… started a debate centering on this question: whether…
Acum mai mult de un deceniu...şi...au început o dezbatere în jurul acestei întrebări: dacă...
Used to present the main hypothesis
This research addresses… by developing and testing a series of hypotheses indicating how… affects...
Aceast studiu se adresează...deoarece dezvoltă şi testează o serie de ipoteze legate de modul cum...afectează...
Used to present the main hypothesis
Thus, following the reasoning set forth by..., we hypothesize that…
Mai mult, urmând raţionamentul înaintat de..., putem emite ipoteza că...
Used to present the main hypothesis
Some of these arguments have been formalized by..., but none have been tested.
Unele dintre argumentele prezentate aici au fost expuse de..., dar niciunul dintre ele nu a fost testat.
Used to introduce the hypothesis and state that your study is unique
The evidence from these studies suggests a variety of factors related to…
Dovezile aduse de aceste studii sugerează o varietate de factori aflaţi în legătură cu...
Used to present the factors relevant to your study and your hypothesis
...found a significant correlation between… and…
...a găsit o relație semnificativă între...şi...
Used to point out someone else's work, which has relevance to your own