English | Phrases - Academic | Opening

Opening - Introduction

En este ensayo/tesis analizaré/investigaré/evaluaré...
In this essay/paper/thesis I shall examine/investigate/evaluate/analyze…
General opening for an essay/thesis
Para responder esta pregunta, nos enfocaremos en...
To answer this question, we begin by taking a closer look at…
To introduce a specfic area of a subject on which you shall focus
La idea de... ha preocupado a los expertos desde hace algún tiempo.
The question, whether…has been preoccupying the experts for some time.
General opening to introduce a subject
Ya es bien sabido que...
It is a well-known fact that…
General opening to introduce a subject that is well-known
Mucho se ha escrito sobre...
A great deal is being written and said about…
General opening to introduce a subject
Actualmente se concuerda en términos generales con...
It is generally agreed today that…
General opening to introduce a subject that is generally agreed upon, but which you would like to question
Examinaremos los factores...
We then review the factors…
Developing your opening to describe exactly what your thesis involves
Nos basaremos en este análisis para identificar...
We build on this analysis to identify…
Developing your opening to describe exactly what your thesis involves
Un tema persistente en... es...
A persistent theme in...is…
Introducing the main themes
Como fenómeno empírico,... ha sido observado repetidamente.
As an empirical phenomenon, ... has been observed repeatedly.
To emphasize the importance of your study
En este contexto, la interrogante central que da pie a este trabajo es...
Against this background, the central question that motivates this paper is: ...
Specific statement saying what your study is about, comes after general background information
Esta investigación explora las causas de...
This research explores the causes of…
Specific statement of intention for your research
Los autores de los más recientes estudios han propuesto que...
The authors of more recent studies have proposed that…
Used to present the current academic thinking around your chosen subject
Tenemos como propósito...
Our purpose is to…
Used to state the main aims of the study
Al analizar empíricamente..., esperamos generar un mejor entendimiento de...
By empirically examining..., we hope to produce a more complete understanding of…
Used to describe your method and introduce the central aspect of the study

Opening - Definition

...es por definición...
By definition… means…
Used to define a certain word
Para efectos de este ensayo, el término... se definirá como...
For the purposes of this essay, the term… will be taken to mean…
Used to define a certain word
Es importante entender correctamente la definición de...
It is important to be clear about the definition of…
Used to define a certain word
El término... se refiere a...
The term… refers to…
Used to define a certain word
El modelo estándar sugiere que... podría ser definido(a) como...
The standard model suggests that… can be defined as…
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
De acuerdo con..., ... se define como...
According to..., …is defined as…
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
... puede ser definido(a) de muchas formas. Algunos sostienen que el término denota...
…may be defined in many ways. Some people argue that the term denotes…
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
... se entiende como...
…is commonly understood to mean…
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
Cuando hablamos de... generalmente pensamos en...
What we usually have in mind when we talk about… is…
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
Dos cortos ejemplos podrían aclarar este concepto.
Two brief examples might clarify this concept.
A statement, after which you can use examples to define an idea
Es importante enfatizar...
It is important to emphasize…
Used when wanting to draw attention to your definition
Nuestro punto de enfoque será...
Our focus is on…
A casual way to define a certain word
Finalmente, quisiéramos aclarar la definición de...
Finally, we should clarify our definition of…
Used towards the end of a paragraph, in order to define a certain word
Queremos decir...
What we mean is that…
Used to further explain a definition or give examples of that definition
Se han ofrecido varias explicaciones...
Several explanations have been offered.
A statement, after which you can further explain your definition
Podemos decir que estas explicaciones tienen su base en...
We can characterize these explanations as being rooted in…
Used to clarify the basis for your definition
Estas explicaciones se complementan y ayudan a aclarar el fenómeno de...
These explanations complement each other and help to illuminate the phenomenon of…
Used after having given two similar examples, which together can be used to define a word
Basados en las afirmaciones de X, los expertos han alegado que...
Following..., scholars have argued that …
Used when there is one clear expert in your field, but others have contributed towards his definition

Opening - Hypothesis

La principal interrogante sería: ¿Cómo podría afectar...
The central question then becomes: how might… affect…?
Used to present the main hypothesis
Dada la evidencia en el caso de..., parece dar lugar a un análisis de los factores que tienen efecto en...
Given this evidence for..., an examination of the factors that impact upon… seems warranted.
Used to present the main hypothesis
Hace más de una década, ... y... comenzaron un debate centrándose en la interrogante de si...
Over a decade ago, … and… started a debate centering on this question: whether…
Used to present the main hypothesis
Esta investigación se ocupa de... por medio del desarrollo y la experimentación con una serie de hipótesis que indican cómo... afecta...
This research addresses… by developing and testing a series of hypotheses indicating how… affects...
Used to present the main hypothesis
Siguiendo los argumentos establecidos por X, podemos suponer que...
Thus, following the reasoning set forth by..., we hypothesize that…
Used to present the main hypothesis
Algunos de estos argumentos han sido formalizados por X, pero ninguno ha sido aún puesto a prueba.
Some of these arguments have been formalized by..., but none have been tested.
Used to introduce the hypothesis and state that your study is unique
La evidencia arrojada por estos estudios sugiere una variedad de factores relacionados con...
The evidence from these studies suggests a variety of factors related to…
Used to present the factors relevant to your study and your hypothesis
X encontró una relación significativa entre... y ...
...found a significant correlation between… and…
Used to point out someone else's work, which has relevance to your own