Thai | Phrases - Academic | Opening

Opening - Introduction

Bài tiểu luận/bài viết/luận án này sẽ nghiên cứu/đánh giá/phân tích...
ในการเขียน เรียงความ/รายงาน/วิทยานิพนธ์ ฉันจะตรวจสอบ/ค้นหา/ประเมิน/วิเคราะห์
General opening for an essay/thesis
Để giải đáp câu hỏi này, ta có thể xem xét...
เพื่อตอบคำถามนี้ เราจะเริ่มต้นเข้าไปดูที่
To introduce a specfic area of a subject on which you shall focus
Câu hỏi liệu... (hay không) đã và đang là câu hỏi thường trực trong giới chuyên gia suốt thời gian vừa qua.
ผู้เชี่ยวชาญของเราได้เข้าไปดูคำถามสักครู่....
General opening to introduce a subject
Hầu như ai cũng biết về/biết rằng...
เป็นที่รู้จักกันดีว่า...
General opening to introduce a subject that is well-known
... là một vấn đề/chủ đề đã được thảo luận rất nhiều.
มีสิ่งต่างๆมากมายที่ได้ถูกเขียนเเละกล่าวถึง..
General opening to introduce a subject
Hầu hết mọi người đều công nhận rằng...
เป็นที่เห็นด้วยกันมากมายว่า...
General opening to introduce a subject that is generally agreed upon, but which you would like to question
Sau đây chúng ta sẽ cùng xem xét...
เราจะมาดูปัจจัยทั้งหมดกัน...
Developing your opening to describe exactly what your thesis involves
Bài phân tích này nhằm chỉ rõ...
เราได้วิเคราะห์เพื่อบ่งชี้ถึง...
Developing your opening to describe exactly what your thesis involves
Một đề tài quen thuộc liên quan tới... là...
รูปแบบคงที่...คือ...
Introducing the main themes
Hiện tượng... là một hiện tượng rất được quan tâm trong thực nghiệm.
ปรากฏการณ์ที่เห็นได้ชัด...ได้ถูกสังเกตหลายๆครั้ง
To emphasize the importance of your study
Xoay quanh chủ đề này, vấn đề trọng tâm của bài nghiên cứu là:...
คำถามที่กระตุ้นกระดาษแผ่นนี้คือ:...
Specific statement saying what your study is about, comes after general background information
Bài viết này nhằm chỉ ra các nguyên nhân dẫn tới...
การวิจัยชิ้นนี้อธิบายสาเหตุของ...
Specific statement of intention for your research
Các nhà nghiên cứu gần đây kết luận rằng...
ผู้เขียนจากการศึกษาล่าสุดได้เสนอว่า...
Used to present the current academic thinking around your chosen subject
Mục đích nghiên cứu là...
จุดประสงค์ของเรานั้นเพื่อ...
Used to state the main aims of the study
Bằng cách quan sát thực nghiệm..., tác giả muốn mang tới một cái nhìn toàn diện hơn về...
หลังจากการตรวจสอบเชิงประจักษ์ เราหวังว่าเราสามารถสร้างสรรค์ให้คุณสามารถเข้าใจ...ได้อย่างถ่องแท้
Used to describe your method and introduce the central aspect of the study

Opening - Definition

... được định nghĩa là...
ในความหมาย... หมายถึง...
Used to define a certain word
Trong phạm vi bài tiểu luận này, khái niệm... được định nghĩa là...
เพื่อจุดประสงค์ของเรียงความนี้ คำศัพท์...นี้หมายถึง
Used to define a certain word
... cần được định nghĩa một cách rõ ràng.
มันสำคัญมากที่คุณจะต้องชัดเจนกับความหมายของคำว่า...
Used to define a certain word
Thuật ngữ... được dùng để chỉ...
คำนี้...หมายถึง...
Used to define a certain word
Theo khái niệm cơ bản, ... có thể được hiểu là...
โมเด็ลมาตรฐานได้แนะนำว่า...สามารถนิยามได้ว่า...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
Theo..., ... được định nghĩa là...
เนื่องมาจาก...ซึ่งสามารถนิยามว่า...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
... có thể được hiểu theo nhiều cách khác nhau. Một số người cho rằng nó có nghĩa là...
...สามารถให้นิยามได้หลายทาง บางคนถกเถียงคำนี้แสดงถึง...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
... thường được hiểu là...
...นั้นเข้าใจได้อย่างทั่วไปว่าหมายถึง...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
Khi nói về..., ta thường nghĩ tới...
สิ่งที่เรานึกถึงเมื่อพูดถึง...คือ...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
Để hiểu rõ hơn khái niệm này, ta có thể xem xét hai ví dụ sau.
ตัวอย่างสั้นๆ 2 ตัวอย่างเพื่อให้คอนเส็ปชัดแจ้งยิ่งขึ้น
A statement, after which you can use examples to define an idea
Chúng ta cần nhấn mạnh khái niệm...
มันสำคัญมากที่จะเน้นความหมาย
Used when wanting to draw attention to your definition
Trọng tâm của bài nghiên cứu là...
เรามุ่งเน้นที่ประเด็นของ...
A casual way to define a certain word
Cuối cùng, chúng ta cần định nghĩa rõ khái niệm...
ในท้ายที่สุด เราควรนิยามความหมายของ...
Used towards the end of a paragraph, in order to define a certain word
Ý của người viết là...
เราหมายถึงว่า...
Used to further explain a definition or give examples of that definition
Khái niệm này có thể được giải thích theo một vài cách khác nhau.
คำอธิบายหลายๆคำได้ถูกเสนอเข้ามา
A statement, after which you can further explain your definition
Các định nghĩa này bắt nguồn từ...
เราสามารถแบ่งแยกคำอธิบายให้เป็น...
Used to clarify the basis for your definition
Các ví dụ này là những ví dụ minh họa tiêu biểu cho...
คำอธิบายเหล่านั้นเติมเต็มซึ่งกันและกันและช่วยพัฒนาปรากฏการณ์ของ...
Used after having given two similar examples, which together can be used to define a word
Cùng với..., các chuyên gia khác cho rằng...
อันเนื่องมาจาก...ผู้เชี่ยวชาญได้แย้งไว้ว่า...
Used when there is one clear expert in your field, but others have contributed towards his definition

Opening - Hypothesis

Từ đó, câu hỏi được đặt ra là: làm thế nào... có thể ảnh hưởng...?
คำถามหลักนั้นกลายเป็น:...จะมีผลกระทบต่อ...อย่างไร?
Used to present the main hypothesis
Với những bằng chứng về... , ta có thể xem xét các nhân tố ảnh hưởng tới...
ใช้เพื่อเป็นหลักฐานสำหรับ... การตรวจสอบปัจจัยต่างๆที่มีผลต่อ...ดูเหมือนจะได้รับการรับรองแล้ว
Used to present the main hypothesis
Hơn một thập kỉ trước, ... và ... đã bắt đầu tranh luận về vấn đề: liệu...
เมื่อ 10 ปีที่ผ่านมา... และ...ได้เริ่มต้นการอภิปรายเกี่ยวกับคำถามนี้: ว่า...
Used to present the main hypothesis
Bài viết này nghiên cứu... bằng cách đưa ra và kiểm chứng một loạt các giả thuyết về cách... tác động lên...
การวิจัยครั้งนี้ได้อธิบายถึง...โดยการพัฒนาและทดสอบสมมติฐานต่างๆมากมายที่บ่งบอกถึง...มีผลกระทบต่อ...
Used to present the main hypothesis
Vì vậy, dựa trên những luận điểm của... , ta có thể giả định rằng...
ดังนั้น เหตุผลข้างต้นได้เริ่มต้นโดย... เราได้ตั้งสมมติฐานว่า...
Used to present the main hypothesis
Một số luận điểm đã được... đưa ra, nhưng chưa từng được kiểm chứng.
มีข้อถกเถียงที่เป็นทางการโดย... แต่ยังไม่ได้ถูกตรวจสอบ
Used to introduce the hypothesis and state that your study is unique
Những nghiên cứu này đã chỉ ra nhiều nhân tố khác nhau liên quan tới...
หลักฐานจากการเรียนได้เสนอแนะปัจจัยที่เกี่ยวข้องกับ...
Used to present the factors relevant to your study and your hypothesis
... đã chỉ ra sự tương quan giữa... và...
...ได้ค้นพบความสัมพันธ์ระหว่าง...และ...
Used to point out someone else's work, which has relevance to your own