Russian | Phrases - Travel | Dates and Time

Dates and Time - Telling the Time

现在几点了?(xiànzài jǐ diǎnle?)
Сколько сейчас времени? (Skol'ko seychas vremeni?)
Asking for the time
现在是 ___。(xiànzài shì ___.)
Сейчас__. (Seychas__.)
Telling the time
…八点钟。(…bā diǎn zhōng.)
...восемь часов. (...vosem' chasov.)
full hour
...八点三十分。(...bā diǎn sānshí fēn.)
...полдевятого. (...poldevyatogo.)
half hour after a full hour
...八点一刻。(...bā diǎn yī kè.)
...четверть девятого. (...chetvert' devyatogo.)
quarter hour after a full hour
...差一刻八点。(...chā yīkè bā diǎn.)
...без четверти восемь. (...bez chetverti vosem'.)
quarter hour to a full hour

Dates and Time - Time

什么时候?(shénme shíhòu?)
Когда? (Kogda?)
Asking for the exact time and date
现在(xiànzài)
сейчас (seychas)
At this moment
很快(hěn kuài)
скоро (skoro)
In a short time period
稍后一会儿(shāo hòu yīhuǐ'er)
позже (pozzhe)
In an unspecified longer time period
一年前(yī nián qián)
год назад (god nazad)
Time in relation to the day in question
上个月(shàng gè yuè)
в прошлом месяце (v proshlom mesyatse)
Time in relation to the day in question
上周(shàng zhōu)
на прошлой неделе (na proshloy nedele)
Time in relation to the day in question
昨天(zuótiān)
вчера (vchera)
Time in relation to the day in question
今天(jīntiān)
сегодня (segodnya)
Time in relation to the day in question
明天(míngtiān)
завтра (zavtra)
Time in relation to the day in question
下周(xià zhōu)
на следующей неделе (na sleduyushchey nedele)
Time in relation to the day in question
明年(míngnián)
в следующем году (v sleduyushchem godu)
Time in relation to the day in question
秒(miǎo)
секунд(а)/(ы) (sekund(a)/(y))
Time unit
分钟(fēnzhōng)
минут(а)/(ы) (minut(a)/(y))
Time unit
小时(xiǎoshí)
Час(ы) (Chas(y))
Time unit
天(tiān)
День/дни (Den'/dni)
Time unit
周(zhōu)
Недел(я)/(и) (Nedel(ya)/(i))
Time unit
月(yuè)
Месяц(ы) (Mesyats(y))
Time unit
年(nián)
Год(а) (God(a))
Time unit
黎明(límíng)
рассвет (rassvet)
Time of the day
早上(zǎoshang)
утро (utro)
Time of the day
中午(zhōngwǔ)
полдень (polden')
Time of the day
下午(xiàwǔ)
после полудня (posle poludnya)
Time of the day
晚上(wǎnshàng)
вечер (vecher)
Time of the day
黄昏(huánghūn)
закат (zakat)
Time of the day
夜晚(yèwǎn)
ночь (noch')
Time of the day
午夜(wǔyè)
полночь (polnoch')
Time of the day

Dates and Time - Weekdays

周一(zhōuyī)
понедельник (ponedel'nik)
Weekday
周二(zhōu'èr)
вторник (vtornik)
Weekday
周三(zhōusān)
среда (sreda)
Weekday
周四(zhōu sì)
четверг (chetverg)
Weekday
周五(zhōu wǔ)
пятница (pyatnitsa)
Weekday
周六(zhōu liù)
суббота (subbota)
Weekday
周日(zhōu rì)
воскресенье (voskresen'ye)
Weekday

Dates and Time - Seasons

春季(chūnjì)
весна (vesna)
Season of the year
夏季(xiàjì)
лето (leto)
Season of the year
秋季(qiūjì)
осень (osen')
Season of the year
冬季(dōngjì)
зима (zima)
Season of the year